Système d’information agricole de l’Afrique de l’Ouest

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Household Economy Approach (HEA)

The Household Economy Approach (HEA) is a livelihood-based framework that analyzes the mechanisms by which people get what they need to survive and prosper. It identifies the food and non-food needs of the population and identifies appropriate ways to provide assistance, whether it is short-term emergency assistance or development program or policy changes in long term. The approach is divided into six (6) essential steps:

  • Mapping and description of livelihood zones;
  • Socio-economic categorization of households;
  • Quantification of sources of food, income, and expenses;
  • Specification of the problem;
  • Analysis of coping strategies;
  • Projection of the scenarios.

All CILSS and ECOWAS member countries do not have updated or refreshed livelihood profiles for monitoring vulnerability through the Cadre Harmonisé. It was therefore necessary to identify the socio-economic profiles of households according to the livelihood zones to fill this gap.

As for the Gulf of Guinea countries, the aim is to implement the HEA in national information systems on food and nutrition security. This implementation will improve the understanding of national and regional stakeholders on the characteristics of the household livelihoods in the countries, it will notably promote the conduct of the baseline assessments on the household economy and the capacity building of stakeholders of national mechanisms on seasonal analyzes (outcome analyses). For the Sahelian countries, this is to continue and strengthen the efforts of Save The Children and EWS in the development of HEA profiles and seasonal analyzes. The purpose is to determine the food insecurity vulnerability factors with a view to guiding intervention programs and helping decision-making. In order to achieve this result, the main activities planned are as follows:
- Activity 1.2.1: Organize technical workshops on methodological improvements to the tools used for collecting and analyzing household livelihoods data;
- Activity 1.2.2: Support EWS for better integration of livelihood surveys;
- Activity 1.2.3: Support household surveys in all countries